Lizard fish, Philippines. Photo by Stephane Rochon.

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Shrimps and symbiotic cleaners. Part 21 of my DVD, "Reef Life of the Andaman", available at http://www.bubblevision.com/marine-life-DVD.htm

In this video we look at how different types of shrimp feed, and how some shrimp and fish clean a host fish in a mutually-beneficial symbiotic relationship.

First we see a pair of harlequin shrimp, Hymenocera picta, feeding on a velvety sea star, Leiaster speciosus, at Koh Ha in Thailand's southern islands. The small shrimps feed exclusively on starfish.

We then encounter a peacock mantis shrimp, Odontodactylus scyllarus, attempting to smash an oyster with its claws which have evolved into powerful clubs.

Skunk cleaner shrimps, Lysmata amboinensis, form mutual symbiotic relationships with marine creatures such as giant morays. The shrimps clean the larger host so the so the shrimp keeps itself fed while the host keeps itself clean and healthy. We even see a skunk cleaner shrimp cleaning a scuba diver's teeth!

Cleaner wrasse perform a similar role. We see bluestreak cleaner wrasse, Labroides dimidiatus, cleaning the mouths of variable-lined fusiliers, Caesio varilineata, at Koh Bon and Koh Tachai, and cleaning inside the gill of a starry puffer, Arothron stellatus, at Staghorn Reef on Racha Yai island. We also see bicolor cleaner wrasse, Labroides bicolor, cleaning a teira batfish, a yellowspotted trevally and a giant moray eel.

Finally we examine how the cleaner's attentions are not always welcome. A honeycomb moray, Gymnothorax favagenius, is irritated by a rock cleaner shrimp, and a blackspotted puffer, Arothron nigropunctatus, is annoyed by cleaner wrasse. One even bites a pharaoh cuttlefish, Sepia pharaonis. It could be that these fish are false cleanerfish, Aspidontus taeniatus, a sabre-toothed blenny which has evolved to mimic the bluestreak cleaner wrasse, but actually feeds off the flesh of its hosts.

The full narration is available as English, German or Spanish subtitles by turning on the closed captions (CC). There are also closed captions available showing scientific and common names of the marine life in English, German or Dutch, along with dive site names.

"Reef Life of the Andaman" is being serialised weekly on YouTube. Please subscribe to my channel to receive notifications of new episodes as I release them. The series features descriptions of 213 different marine species including more than 100 tropical fish, along with sharks, rays, moray eels, crabs, lobsters, shrimps, sea slugs, cuttlefish, squid, octopus, turtles, sea snakes, starfish, sea cucumbers, corals, worms etc..

I have more scuba diving videos and underwater footage on my website at:
http://www.bubblevision.com

I post updates about my videos, and interesting underwater videos from other filmmakers here:
http://www.facebook.com/bubblevision
http://www.twitter.com/nicholashope

The video was shot by Nick Hope with a Sony VX2000 DV camera in a Gates housing. It was edited in Sony Vegas Pro then deinterlaced with QTGMC and upscaled to 720p HD in AviSynth.

Thanks to Kevin MacCleod (http://www.incompetch.com) for the music track, "Modern Vibes".

Thanks to Santana Diving of Phuket (http://www.santanaphuket.com), in particular Spencer Finn for the teeth!

Thanks to Elfi and Uli Erfort and Daniel Bruehwiler for help with the German translation, and to Frank Nelissen for the Dutch subtitles.

Full list of marine life and dive sites featured in this video:

00.06 Harlequin Shrimp, Hymenocera picta, Koh Ha
01:10 Peacock Mantis Shrimp, Odontodactylus scyllarus, Lucy's Reef, Racha Yai
02:09 Skunk Cleaner Shrimp, Lysmata amboinensis, Richelieu Rock
02:34 Skunk Cleaner Shrimp, Lysmata amboinensis, Fan Forest Pinnacle
02:48 Skunk Cleaner Shrimp, Lysmata amboinensis, Richelieu Rock
02:58 Bluestreak Cleaner Wrasse, Labroides dimidiatus, Koh Bon
03:13 Bluestreak Cleaner Wrasse, Labroides dimidiatus, Koh Tachai
03:18 Starry Puffer, Arothron stellatus, Staghorn Reef
03:28 Teira Batfish, Platax teira, Koh Tachai
03:42 Bicolor Cleaner Wrasse, Labroides bicolor, Koh Tachai
03:49 Yellowspotted Trevally, Carangoides fulvoguttatus, Hin Muang
03:56 Bicolor Cleaner Wrasse, Labroides bicolor, Koh Bon
04:08 Honeycomb Moray, Gymnothorax favagenius, Boonsung Wreck
04:29 Blackspotted Puffer, Arothron nigropunctatus, Anemone Reef
04:51 Pharaoh Cuttlefish, Sepia pharaonis, Fan Forest Pinnacle 05:36

Ko Tachai
Thailand

02:23

Koh Bida Nok
Thailand

Sea lions on the Redondo Beach artificial reef barge 03:34

Redondo Beach Artificial Reef
United States of America

The demon stinger and waspfishes. Part 15 of my documentary, "Mucky Secrets", about the fascinating marine creatures of the Lembeh Strait in Indonesia. Watch the full 90-minute documentary at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nJMZ6reOB0E

One fish that divers should be wary of in the Lembeh Strait is the demon stinger (Inimicus didactylus) as its sting is extremely painful and can be deadly to humans. They have excellent camouflage and often lie partially buried in the muck. These fish are more closely related to the lethal stonefish than to scorpionfishes, and are known by a multitude of other evocative common names including spiny devilfish, bearded ghoul and sea goblin.

The lower two rays of the pectoral fins are detached from the fin, and the demon stinger walks on them in a manner similar to some dragonets.

Demon stingers have no known predators. Many fellow bottom dwellers are oblivious to their existence. We see a fireworm (Chloeia parva) a type of bristleworm, crawling right over the top of a well-camouflaged demon stinger.

Like their scorpionfish relatives, waspfishes (family Tetrarogidae) are also armed with venomous spines in their dorsal fin. We see another type of polychaete worm wriggling past a wispy waspfish (Paracentropogon longispinis). The wispy waspfish's coloration is variable.

Bandtail waspfishes (Paracentropogon zonatus) are sometimes found too, and the whiteface waspfish (Richardsonichthys leucogaster) is one of the more common types.

With its spines erect, like its namesake's crest, the cockatoo waspfish (Ablabys taenianotus) sways from side to side, mimicking a dead leaf in surge. They are sometimes found in pairs on the open seabed.

There are English captions showing either the full narration or the common and scientific names of the marine life, along with the dive site names.

The full Mucky Secrets nature documentary features a huge diversity of weird and wonderful marine animals including frogfish, nudibranchs, scorpionfish, crabs, shrimps, moray eels, seahorses, octopus, cuttlefish etc..

Thanks to Chris Zabriskie of http://chriszabriskie.com for the music track "Divider", and to Kevin MacLeod of http://www.incompetech.com for the track, "Tenebrous Brothers Carnival - Mermaid". These tracks are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license.

Thanks to the staff and keen-eyed divemasters of Two Fish Divers (http://www.twofishdivers.com), for accommodation, diving services and critter-spotting.

The video was shot by Nick Hope with a Sony HVR-Z1P HDV camera in a Light & Motion Bluefin HD housing with Light & Motion Elite lights and a flat port. A Century +3.5 diopter was used for the most of the macro footage.

I have more scuba diving videos and underwater footage on my website at:
http://www.bubblevision.com

I post updates about my videos here:
http://www.facebook.com/bubblevision
http://google.com/+bubblevision
http://www.twitter.com/nicholashope
http://bubblevision.tumblr.com

Full list of marine life and dive sites featured in this video:

00:00 Demon Stinger, Inimicus didactylus, Aer Perang
00:23 Demon Stinger, Inimicus didactylus, Nudi Retreat
00:30 Demon Stinger, Inimicus didactylus, Police Pier
00:48 Fireworm, Chloeia parva, Aer Perang
01:16 Wispy Waspfish, Paracentropogon longispinis, Makawide
01:33 Wispy Waspfish, Paracentropogon longispinis, TK 2
01:44 Bandtail Waspfish, Paracentropogon zonatus, Tanjung Kusu-Kusu
01:54 Whiteface Waspfish, Richardsonichthys leucogaster, Makawide
02:29 Cockatoo Waspfish, Ablabys taenianotus, Nudi Retreat
02:44 Cockatoo Waspfish, Ablabys taenianotus, Jahir 03:49

Nudi Retreat
Indonesia


Les millors imatges

Fotos de busseig

Admiral Fetterman Reef
United States of America

Fotos de busseig

El Palitoa
Canary Islands

Fotos de busseig

Thirasia 1
Greece

Fotos de busseig

North T-Pier
United States of America


  Què està passant

  • des 06 
    [ Zona ] Palau Sipadan Marine Reserve Malaysia, Sabah
  • des 01 
    [ Loc d'immersió ] The Gapeau Wreck France, Mediterranean, Bandol
  • des 01 
    [ Loc d'immersió ] Apolima Gardens Samoa Western
  • nov 30 
    [ Zona ] Nusa Penida Indonesia, Bali
  • nov 29 
    [ Foto ] El Mina - Suzanna Wreck Egypt, Hurghada.
  • nov 29 
    [ Foto ] El Mina - Suzanna Wreck Egypt, Hurghada.
  • nov 29 
    [ Foto ] El Mina - Suzanna Wreck Egypt, Hurghada.
  • nov 28 
    [ Loc d'immersió ] Xihwu (Key-Quot) Canada, British Columbia, Vancouver Island
  • nov 28 
    [ Loc d'immersió ] Little Corona Beach USA, California, Orange County
  • nov 28 
    [ Foto ] S S Thistlegorm Egypt, Strait of Gubal.
  • nov 28 
    [ Foto ] S S Thistlegorm Egypt, Strait of Gubal.
  • nov 28 
    [ Foto ] S S Thistlegorm Egypt, Strait of Gubal.
  • nov 28 
    [ Foto ] Dunraven Egypt, Strait of Gubal.
  • nov 28 
    [ Foto ] Dunraven Egypt, Strait of Gubal.
  • nov 28 
    [ Foto ] Dunraven Egypt, Strait of Gubal.
  • nov 28 
    [ Foto ] Xihwu Key-Quot  Canada, British Columbia, Vancouver Island. Just before it was sunk.
  • nov 25 
    [ Loc d'immersió ] Los Arcos Mexico, Yucatan, Playa del Carmen
  • nov 25 
    [ Foto ] Gordon Reef Egypt, Strait of Tiran.
  • nov 25 
    [ Foto ] Gordon Reef Egypt, Strait of Tiran.
  • nov 25 
    [ Foto ] Gordon Reef Egypt, Strait of Tiran.
  • nov 22 
    [ Foto ] La tiburonera Colombia, Pacific, Gorgona Island.
  • nov 22 
    [ Foto ] La tiburonera Colombia, Pacific, Gorgona Island.
  • nov 22 
    [ Foto ] La tiburonera Colombia, Pacific, Gorgona Island.
  • nov 20 
    [ Loc d'immersió ] Powidz Poland, Wielkopolskie
  • nov 20 
    [ Foto ] AsPark Sebangkat Malaysia, Sabah. Sunset at sebangkat

  Noves informacions del lloc

  • jul 09 
    [ Informació ] Phishing pages Hackers succeeded into injecting some scripts into our server file system; mainly phishing pages (fake Dropbox and/or Email client login page; asking you to login with your Gmail/Yahoo account). We are pretty sure these phishing pages were NOT linked/used within this website; probably used in phishing email campaigns. Your community information (email, password, personal information) from this website were not compromised; but if you have been redirected to these pages it is strongly recommended that you change your email password. Sorry for the inconvenience Wanna Team

    Post edited by: wannacorp, at: 2016/07/09 02:08
  • des 20 
    [ Informació ] Wannadive è avaiable in italiano! Hi, Wannadive è avaiable in italiano! Today we are very happy to announce that Wannadive interface is available in Italian. We would like to thanks the following translators for their help and great Christmas gift! * Dave Noise (from Wannasurf) * Riccardo Ghetti (from Wannadive) * Lorenzo Facchin (from Wannadive) All Italian divers can now switch to Italian language by using the language selector at the top of Wannadive pages. Enjoy! We wish you a merry Christmas. WD Team
  • set 18 
    [ Informació ] Wannadive is safe! Hi, Firefox and Chrome users may experiment some difficulties in accessing Wannadive with their web browser. An ugly screen is telling Wannadive could provide malwares and not be safe!... Our ad server has been attacked Sept 15, and we did fix the problem a couple of hours later. Wannadive is now 100% safe. What still happen? Firefox and Google uses a database to track websites where malwares were detected. We ask Google to remove Wannadive from this database but it can takes a few hours/days? :-( Waiting for Google update, you can use a different web browser to access your favorite dive site atlas and community: Internet Explorer or Opera. Those browsers don\'t check Google\'s database. All the best, Wannadive team

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